For type 2 diabetics who exercise, some approaches are better than others

July 11, 2023
Rutgers researchers conclude that the timing and type of workout is critical for optimal effects.

An analysis on the positive effects of exercise on blood sugar levels in people with Type 2 diabetes shows that while all exercise helps, certain activities – and their timing – are extremely good for people’s health.

The study, published in The American Journal of Medicine, provides a comprehensive but straightforward summary of the benefits of exercise on controlling blood glucose levels in people with Type 2 diabetes.

As part of the analysis, researchers sifted through dozens of studies and extracted common conclusions. Some of the key findings include:

“In short, any movement is good and more is generally better,” said Steven Malin, an associate professor in the Department of Kinesiology and Health at the Rutgers School of Arts and Sciences and an author of the study. “The combination of aerobic exercise and weightlifting is likely better than either alone. Exercise in the afternoon might work better than exercise in the morning for glucose control, and exercise after a meal may help slightly more than before a meal. And, you don’t have to lose weight to see the benefits of exercise. That is because exercise can lower body fat and increase muscle mass.”

Rutgers release on Newswise