Adenoid hypertrophy risk in children carriers of G-1082A polymorphism of IL-10 infected with human herpes virus (HHV6, EBV, CMV)

Aug. 11, 2022
Adenoid hypertrophy (AH) is considered one of the most common diseases in the ear, nose and throat (ENT) practice. The cause of adenoid hypertrophy in children is still unknown.

A study published in Life investigated IL-10 (interleukin 10) gene polymorphisms and human herpesviruses 6 (HHV6), cytomegalovirus (CMV), and Epstein–Barr virus (EBV) infections in children with AH.

 A total of 106 children with adenoid hypertrophy and 38 healthy children aged 2–11 years were included in this study. All children with adenoid hypertrophy were divided into three subgroups depending on the adenoid size.

The viruses were determined via quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) using commercially available kits (QIAGEN, Germany). HHV6 was more frequently detected in patients with AH compared with CMV and EBV. Among the three subgroups of children with AH, HH6 and EBV were prevalent in the children with the largest adenoid size. The frequency of genotype GG tended to be higher in the control group of children.

Researchers found significantly higher frequencies of the G allele and GG and GA genotypes for IL-10 rs1800896 in the subgroup of children with the smallest size of adenoid compared with other subgroups. In conclusion, HHV6 and EBV infection could contribute to the adenoid size. The genotype GG for IL-10 rs1800896 could contribute to the resistance to adenoid hypertrophy and the spread of the adenoid tissue.

Read the full study in Life